What Is Acne Scarring?
As if acne isn’t enough to get you in a horn-tossing mood, scars often follow! Acne scars result from blemishes caused by skin pores engorged with excess oil, bacteria and dead skin cells. The skin pore swells, causing a break in the wall of the follicle. Shallow lesions may heal quickly, but if there is a deep break in the wall of the pore, infected material can spill out and may create deeper lesions. The skin compensates by attempting to repair these lesions by creating new collagen fibers. The process does not usually leave your skin as smooth and flawless as the original skin.
What Are the Types of Acne Scars?
There are two main types of acne scars classified based on their healing response and appearance:
- Atrophic or Depressed Scarring: This type of acne scar occurs when there is a loss of tissue. Two common types of this scar are “icepick” scars, which are usually small but with obvious holes in the skin, and “boxcar” scars, which are depressed areas, usually round and similar to chickenpox scars.
- Hypertrophic or Keloid Scarring: This is a result of too much collagen production as acne wounds heal. The scar has a mass of raised tissue on the surface of the skin.
What Causes Scarring?
Acne is one of the most common skin problems. For many, acne will be nothing more than a flare-up that clears on its own without leaving a scar behind. For others, acne can leave behind noticeable scars. The following can contribute to acne scarring:
- Comedone, sebum and excess skin cells: Ice-pick scars begin as whiteheads or blackheads, also known as comedones. They form when the oil secreted by the sebaceous glands, called sebum, combines with excess skin cells in skin follicles. The combination creates a soft plug that blocks the follicle.
- An increase in pressure: Pressure builds behind the acne lesion as inflammation occurs. As the pressure increases, it causes the inflammation to move deeper into the skin and damage the surrounding area. This can be a severe form of acne known as cysts or nodules. If the pressure is not relieved, the inflamed area can burst, causing damage to the skin tissue.
- Disruption in collagen and fibrin production: Damage to the skin tissue secondary to inflammation can disrupt the production and structure of collagen and fibrin. As a result, the scar tissue from the acne inflammation creates an “icepick” skin mark.
- Infection: If you prick or scratch your acne with dirty objects such as the fingernails or unsterile needles, harmful microorganisms can infect it, resulting in scarring.
Acne Scar Treatment in Beaumont, TX
Ready to visit with us at Beaumont Aesthetic Laser Center and get even more beautiful than you already are? Our top-of-the-line treatments like PicoSure, the ICON and Potenza can treat acne scars, helping you to look and feel a whole lot better.* Simply give us a call at 409-300-1620 or click the button below to set up an appointment today.
*Individual results may vary; not a guarantee.